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Bargaining Units

Teachers seeking to join for collective bargaining must define an appropriate bargaining unit. Under most labor relations statutes, only those individuals who share a “community of interests” may comprise an appropriate bargaining unit. Community of interests generally means that the teachers have substantial mutual interests, including the following:

  • Wages or compensation
  • Hours of work
  • Employment benefits
  • Supervision
  • Qualifications
  • Training and skills
  • Job functions
  • Contact with other employees
  • Integration of work functions with other employees
  • History of collective bargaining

Many state statutes prescribe certain requirements or considerations with respect to bargaining units in the public sector. For example, some statutes require labor boards to avoid over-proliferation of bargaining units. Moreover, some statutes also set forth specific bargaining units, such as those for faculty, staff, maintenance, and similar distinctions.

Inside Bargaining Units